RAMP Tool

RAMP I

RAMP I is intended for identifying (screening) and assessing physical ergonomics risk factors when working with manual handling which may increase the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Manual handling involves manual lifting, holding, pushing or pulling of loads. High or sustained exposure to the risk factors, increases the risk of developing or worsening MSDs.

We use this tool to assess a work, work task, or a work station during an average work day. In rare cases warrant assessment may be required. Assessment of the work of an employee who is representative for the group of employees who carry out this kind of work, or, alternatively two people so that the variation among employees is somewhat taken into account.

RAMP I ‐ Checklist for screening physical risks for manual handling

  • Posture
  • Work movements and repetitive work
  • Lifting work
  • Pushing and pulling work
  • Influencing physical factors hand/arm
  • Work organisational and psychosocial factors
  • Perceived physical discomfort (Taken from 5 people doing same task)

The results from the analysis show whether any risk factor has been identified or not. If no risk factor has been identified, the risk to develop MSD problems is assessed to be low for people with normal physical capacity. If one or more risk factors have been identified this implies that either there is a high risk to develop MSDs, or that a refined analysis is needed to assess whether the risk is low, moderate or high. A refined analysis can be carried out with the RAMP II module. The result of the RAMP I assessment is presented at three risk and priority levels:

High risk. The loading situation has such magnitudes and characteristics that increase the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. Improvement measures should be take place immediately.


Investigate further. More in depth analysis is required in order to assess the risk level of the situation. A refined analysis can be carried out with the RAMP II module

 


Low risk. The loading situation has such magnitudes and characteristics that most employees are at a low risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. However, individuals with reduced physical capacity may be at risk. Individually tailored improvement measures may be required.

RAMP II

RAMP II is intended for an in depth analysis and assessment of physical ergonomics risk factors when working with manual handling which may increase the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Manual handling involves manual lifting, holding, pushing or pulling of loads. At high or sustained exposure to the risk factors the risk of developing or worsening MSDs increases.

Employees should be taught how the work should be carried out in an appropriate way. Those performing the assessment should be familiar with the way the work is carried out. Otherwise, the assessment should be carried out in cooperation with someone with such knowledge. The person who carries out the assessment should be qualified with the basic physical ergonomics course and is familiar with, RAMP‐method and RAMP manual.

The result of the RAMP II assessment is presented at three risk and priority levels:

High risk. The loading situation has such a magnitude and characteristics that many employees are at risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. Improvement measures are vital and should be taken seriously.


Risk. The loading situation has such a magnitude and characteristics that certain employees are at risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. Improvement measures should be taken.


Low risk. The loading situation has such a magnitude and characteristics that most employees are at low risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. However, individuals with reduced physical capacity may be at risk. Individually tailored improvement measures may be required.

RAMP II Sample Assesment:

Postures of the Head 1

Checking if there is clear bending of the head forwards or to the side, or twisting to the side occur (See figures)

Postures of the Head 2

Checking if there is a clear bending of the head backwards (See figure)

Back Posture - Moderate Bending

Checking if there is moderate bending of the upper body forwards or to the side (See figure below)

Back Posture - Considerable bending & Twisting

Checking if there is a clear bending of the head backwards (See figure)

Upper Arm Posture

Checking if the work is performed with the hand at or above the shoulder level (See figure below)

Wrist Posture

Checking if the work is performed with a clearly bent wrist (See figure)

Upper Arm Posture

Checking if the work is performed with the hand outside the working area (See figure below)

Leg and foot Space and Surface

Checking if there is lack of space for the legs or the feet or if the surface is unstable (See figure below)

Repeated Work - Movements of the arm and Wrist.

Checking how the movements of the arm are performed and if similar movements of the wrist occur (See figure below)

Repeated Work - Type of Grip & Frequency

Checking if overhand grip (palm facing downward), wide finger grip or pinch grip are used while lifting or holding objects above 0.5 kg  (See figure below)

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